• 首页关于本刊期刊订阅编委会作者指南过刊浏览
李安梅,李言阔,邵瑞清,钱磊,申锦,张超,塔旗.2022.基于红外相机技术分析鼬獾的活动节律.动物学杂志,57(2):225-235.
基于红外相机技术分析鼬獾的活动节律
Analysis of Activity Patterns of the Chinese Ferret Badger Using Infrared Camera Technology
投稿时间:2021-09-18  修订日期:2022-03-09
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202202008
中文关键词:  红外相机监测  鼬獾  活动节律  季节性节律
英文关键词:Infrared-camera monitoring  Melogale moschata  Activity patterns  Seasonal activity patterns
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No. 31460107)
作者单位E-mail
李安梅 江西师范大学生命科学学院 南昌 330022 1074554036@qq.com 
李言阔 江西师范大学生命科学学院 南昌 330022 liyankuo@126.com 
邵瑞清 江西师范大学生命科学学院 南昌 330022 1074554036@qq.com 
钱磊 江西师范大学生命科学学院 南昌 330022 1074554036@qq.com 
申锦 江西师范大学生命科学学院 南昌 330022 1074554036@qq.com 
张超 江西师范大学生命科学学院 南昌 330022 1074554036@qq.com 
塔旗 江西师范大学生命科学学院 南昌 330022 1074554036@qq.com 
摘要点击次数: 316
全文下载次数: 286
中文摘要:
      鼬獾(Melogale moschata)是食肉目鼬科鼬獾属动物,在我国分布广泛、种群数量丰富,但有关鼬獾的生态研究报导比较少。为掌握鼬獾的活动节律及其影响因素,2017年2月至2019年2月,利用红外相机技术对江西省桃红岭梅花鹿国家级自然保护区、九岭山国家级自然保护区和齐云山国家级自然保护区的鼬獾进行了监测,每个保护区布设的相机数量均为60台。桃红岭、九岭山和齐云山保护区的累计相机工作日分别为14 902日、24 498日和13 063日,拍摄到鼬獾的相机数分别为30台、32台和53台;鼬獾独立有效照片数分别为252张、196张和598张。拍摄率在齐云山(4.58张/日)最高,桃红岭(1.69张/日)次之,九岭山(0.80张/日)最低。鼬獾活动迹象最多和最少的月份,桃红岭为1月和12月,九岭山为3月、4月和9月,齐云山为3月和11月,鼬獾的出现次数均无显著的月际变化趋势(P > 0.05);鼬獾为明显的夜行性动物,活动高峰时间段出现在0:00 ~ 05:00时和19:00 ~ 23:00时,无显著的季节性变化;鼬獾日活动节律在桃红岭和齐云山不同季节之间无显著差异,在九岭山的春季和秋季之间差异显著。本研究结果有助于进一步了解鼬獾的活动节律模式及其季节性变化,进一步了解鼬獾在自然状态下的生态习性,为对这一物种的保护和管理提供科技支撑。
英文摘要:
      [Objectives] The Chinese Ferret Badger (Melogale moschata) is an animal of the order Carnivora, and the family Mustelidae. It is widely distributed and has a rich population in China; however, there has been relatively little research into the ecology of the Chinese Ferret Badger. [Methods] To understand the activity patterns of the Chinese Ferret Badger and the factors that influence them, camera trapping was used to monitor the Ferret Badgers in the Taohongling Sika Deer National Nature Reserve (hereafter Taohongling), Jiulingshan National Nature Reserve (hereafter referred to as Jiuling Mountain), and Qiyunshan National Nature Reserve (hereafter referred to as Qiyun Mountain) in Jiangxi Province from February 2017 to February 2019. The number of cameras in each reserve was 60. [Results] The results showed that: (1) The cumulative number of days with working cameras in the Taohongling, Jiuling Mountain, and Qiyun Mountain nature reserves were 14 902, 24 498, and 13 063 respectively. The number of cameras that captured Chinese Ferret Badgers were 30, 32, and 53. The number of effective, independent photos of Chinese Ferret Badgers were 252, 196, and 598, respectively (Table 1). (2) The photographic rate was highest in Qiyun Mountain (4.58 photos per day), followed by Taohongling (1.69 photos per day), and Jiuling Mountain (0.80 photos per day) was the lowest. (3) The months with the most and least signs of activity in the three protected areas were Taohongling (January and December), Jiuling Mountain (March, April and September) and Qiyun Mountain (March and November). There was no significant monthly trend in the number of occurrences of Chinese Ferret Badgers (P > 0.05) (Fig. 2). (4) The peak time periods for activity in the three protected areas were all concentrated between 0:00﹣05:00 and 19:00﹣23:00, which indicates that the animals are nocturnal, and there was no significant seasonal change (Fig. 3). (5) There was no significant difference in the daily activity patterns between Taohongling and Qiyun Mountain in different seasons, but there was a significant difference between spring and autumn in Jiuling Mountain (Table 2). [Conclusion] The results of this study help us to further understand the activity patterns (and their seasonal changes) of the Chinese Ferret Badger, to further understand the ecological habits of the Chinese Ferret Badger in its natural habitat, and they provide scientific and technological support for the protection and management of this species.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器