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刘京,程彦林,周铝,姜世兴,张浪,李仕泽.2022.湖南通道发现雷山琴蛙.动物学杂志,57(1):105-111.
湖南通道发现雷山琴蛙
Nidirana leishanensis Found in Tongdao, Hunan
投稿时间:2021-08-12  修订日期:2022-01-05
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202201010
中文关键词:  雷山琴蛙  分布新记录种  湖南省
英文关键词:Nidirana leishanensis  New record  Hunan Province
基金项目:贵州省林业厅科技项目(黔林科合[2020]13号),贵州省教育厅青年科技人才成长项目(KY字[2018]468号,KY字[2020]234号),遵义市科技局项目(遵市科合HZ字[2020]319号)
作者单位E-mail
刘京 茅台学院资源环境系 仁怀 564500 18212208503@163.com 
程彦林 茅台学院资源环境系 仁怀 564500 491189942@qq.com 
周铝 茅台学院资源环境系 仁怀 564500 2503059102@qq.com 
姜世兴 茅台学院资源环境系 仁怀 564500 863588632@qq.com 
张浪 茅台学院资源环境系 仁怀 564500 1931677335@qq.com 
李仕泽 茅台学院资源环境系 仁怀 564500 976722439@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      2020年5月23日在湖南省通道县万佛山镇(26°11′47″ N,109°56′21″ E,海拔924 m)采集到4号两栖动物标本,经形态特征比较,与雷山琴蛙(Nidirana leishanensis)相似;基于线粒体16S rRNA构建的琴蛙属(Nidirana)部分物种贝叶斯系统发育树显示,此次采集的琴蛙标本与雷山琴蛙聚为一支,且具有较高的支持率(1.00);基于Kamura双参数模型估算本次采集的琴蛙标本与雷山模式产地标本间的遗传距离为0.8%,远小于琴蛙属物种间的遗传距离(1.4% ~ 6.4%)。综合形态特征和系统发育比较,确定此次采集到的琴蛙标本为无尾目(Anura)蛙科(Ranidae)琴蛙属的雷山琴蛙,系湖南省两栖动物分布新记录种。
英文摘要:
      [Objectives] Four species of amphibian were recorded in Wanfoshan Town, Tongdao County, Hunan Province, China at 26°11′47″ N, 109°56′21″ E, altitude 924 m during a filed survey on 23 May, 2020. They are recognized as first recorded in Hunan province by morphological and molecular. [Methods] Compared the specimens with other species of the genus Nidirana morphologically by comparing their measurement data and diagnosis feature (Sample information is shown in Table 1). Molecularly, based on 16S rRNA gene constructed Bayesian inference tree to analyze its phylogenetic relationship, the Kamura two- parameter model in MEGA v6.0 was used to calculate the genetic distances between species of the genus Nidirana. [Results] Through this research, we found the specimens were similar with N. leishanensis in morphological, morphometric measurements (Table 2) and feature (Fig. 1) conform to diagnosis characters. Based on 16S rRNA gene constructed Bayesian inference tree showed that the four specimens were clustered with the N. leishanensis with a high support (1.00) (Fig. 2). The genetic distance between the specimens and N. leishanensis from type locality was 0.8%, much lower than that between Nidirana species range from 1.4% to 6.4% (Table 3). [Conclusion] Based on morphological and molecular compared, the specimens were identified as N. leishanensis, which is the new record of this species in Hunan Province, China.
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