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刘宝权,李烜,史静耸,刘凯怊,张芬耀,周佳俊.2021.浙江发现无尾蹄蝠及其3D头骨图像重建.动物学杂志,56(6):939-945.
浙江发现无尾蹄蝠及其3D头骨图像重建
A New Record of Tail-less Leaf-nosed Bat (Coelops frithii) from Zhejiang Province and Image Reconstruction of the Skull
投稿时间:2021-05-22  修订日期:2021-08-23
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202106016
中文关键词:  翼手目(蝙蝠)  无尾蹄蝠  浙江  分布新记录种  CT扫描
英文关键词:Chiroptera (bat)  Coelops frithii  Zhejiang  New record species of distribution  CT scan
基金项目:国家林业局第二次全国陆生野生动物资源调查项目(林护发[2011]111号)
作者单位E-mail
刘宝权 浙江省森林资源监测中心 杭州 310020 zjhzlbq@126.com 
李烜 丽水日报报业传媒集团 丽水 323000 lixuan8988@sina.com 
史静耸 中国科学院古脊椎动物与古人类研究所中国科学院脊椎动物演化与人类起源重点实验室 北京 100044 shijingsong@ivpp.ac.an 
刘凯怊 浙江省森林资源监测中心 杭州 310020 912108944@qq.com 
张芬耀 浙江省森林资源监测中心 杭州 310020 zhangfenyao163@163.com 
周佳俊 浙江省森林资源监测中心 杭州 310020浙江省林业勘测规划设计有限公司 杭州 310020 cnwaters@foxmail.com 
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中文摘要:
      2019年11月23日,在浙江省丽水市莲都区白云山森林公园1废弃矿洞内(28°29′51″ N,119°54′34″ E,海拔306 m)采集到蝙蝠标本1号。此蝙蝠主要特征为,前臂长35.4 mm;耳壳半透明,呈圆形漏斗状;无尾,股间膜内凹呈“∧”形;背毛基部黑褐色,毛尖赤褐色;翼膜黑褐色。基于形态及分子数据(Cyt b)鉴定为无尾蹄蝠(Coelops frithii),为浙江省兽类分布新记录种。本研究应用CT扫描和计算机辅助三维图像重建技术,在保证标本完整性的前提下,对其头骨进行CT扫描与三维(3D)图像复原,高清显示了其头部骨骼形态,该技术的应用,是在小型兽类骨骼形态学研究与描述上的有益探索和尝试。
英文摘要:
      One small-sized bat specimen was collected on 23rd, November, 2019 from Baiyun mountain forest park, Lishui, Zhejiang (28°29′51″ N, 119°54′34″ E, 306 m). The main characteristics were diagnosed as follows: The forearm length was 35.4 mm; the ear conch was semi-transparent, rounded and funnel-shaped; the caudal vertebras were absent; the interfemoral membrane was poorly developed and in “∧” shape; the color of pelage was blackish brown on the base and russet on the tip; the wing membrane was dark-brown (Fig. 1). Based on morphological (Table 1) and molecular (Fig. 3) data, this specimen was identified as Tail-less Leaf-nosed Bat (Coelops frithii), which is the first record in Zhejiang Province. In addition, CT scanning and computer-assisted 3D-image reconstruction techniques were utilized to scan and reconstruct the skull of this specimen (Fig. 2). With these two non-destructive sampling techniques, osteological structures and features were obtained, while the skull remains intact. New digital approach was demostrated for osteological description and biological study in small mammals.
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