• 首页关于本刊期刊订阅编委会作者指南过刊浏览
刘晨苗,洪婷婷,王淑辉,董响贵,任战军.2022.林麝泌香的分子机制研究进展.动物学杂志,57(1):152-158.
林麝泌香的分子机制研究进展
Research Progress on Molecular Mechanism of Musk Secretion in Forest Musk Deer
投稿时间:2021-03-31  修订日期:2021-10-27
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202201016
中文关键词:  林麝  泌香  分子标记  分子机制
英文关键词:Forest Musk Deer, Moschus berezovskii  Musk secretion  Molecular marker  Molecular mechanism
基金项目:陕西省林科院科技创新计划专项(No. SXLK2020-0207),国家林业和草原局野生动植物保护项目(No. 2020070212)
作者单位E-mail
刘晨苗 西北农林科技大学动物科技学院 杨凌 712100 2795560013@qq.com 
洪婷婷 西北农林科技大学动物科技学院 杨凌 712100 690725458@qq.com 
王淑辉 西北农林科技大学动物科技学院 杨凌 712100 505059270@qq.com 
董响贵 西北农林科技大学动物科技学院 杨凌 712100 952830374@qq.com 
任战军 西北农林科技大学动物科技学院 杨凌 712100 Renzhanjun@nwafu.edu.cn 
摘要点击次数: 314
全文下载次数: 303
中文摘要:
      林麝(Moschus berezovskii)是国家Ⅰ级重点保护野生动物,以分泌麝香而闻名。麝香是雄性林麝的香腺分泌的特殊物质。由于过度猎杀取香、栖息地破碎等原因,野生林麝的数量急剧下降至濒危。自1950年代以来,我国开展了人工养殖林麝,积累了丰富经验,取得了一定成果,但在林麝营养需要、饲料加工与饲养管理、遗传特征与选育、繁殖、泌香机理与取香等基础理论及关键技术方面研究进展不大,所以,林麝种群扩繁速度低,种群规模不大,麝香产量不高。本文综述了近年来有关林麝香腺的显微与超微结构、麝香的分泌形成过程、利用分子标记研究麝香的分泌、性激素基因与林麝麝香分泌的关系、林麝泌香相关基因组与转录组研究等方面的研究进展,以期为深入研究林麝泌香的分子机制提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Forest Musk Deer (Moschus berezovskii) is a kind of national first-class protected wild animal and is famous for secreting musk. The musk is a special substance secreted by the musk gland of male Forest Musk Deer. Due to excessive hunting and habitat fragmentation, the number of wild forest musk deer has dropped sharply to an endangered status. Since the 1950s, artificial breeding of Forest Musk Deer has been conducted in China, accumulated rich experienc. However, little progress has been made in both basic theories and key technologies in the many aspects including nutritional needs, feed processing and feeding management, genetic characteristics and breeding, reproduction, as well as musk secretion and extraction, which affect its population growth and musk yield. Understanding the secretion mechanism is essential to increase the yield of musk. This paper reviews the research progress on the microstructure and ultrastructure of Forest Musk Deer gland, the musk secretion process, the regulation of musk secretion as revealed by molecular markers, the relationship between sex hormones and musk secretion, and musk secretion related genome and transcriptome changes, in order to provide a reference for the study of the molecular mechanisms of musk secretion.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器