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郑迪,王倩,王磊,施兆鸿,彭士明.2020.肠道气泡堆积对银鲳肠道菌群结构的影响.动物学杂志,55(2):247-255.
肠道气泡堆积对银鲳肠道菌群结构的影响
Effect of the Intestinal Gas Bubble Accumulation on Intestinal Bacterial Communities in Silver Pomfret
投稿时间:2019-10-12  修订日期:2020-03-13
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202002014
中文关键词:  银鲳  气泡堆积  高通量测序  肠道菌群
英文关键词:Pampus argenteus  Gas bubble accumulation  High-throughput sequencing  Intestinal microorganisms
基金项目:现代农业(海水鱼)产业技术体系专项资金(No. CARS-47-G25),中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费(No. 2420-2019)
作者单位E-mail
郑迪 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 农业农村部东海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 上海 200090 上海海洋大学水产与生命学院 上海 201306 zdi877164467@163.com 
王倩 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 农业农村部东海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 上海 200090 wangqianshou@126.com 
王磊 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 农业农村部东海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 上海 200090 emperor0228@163.com 
施兆鸿 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 农业农村部东海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 上海 200090 shizh@ecsf.ac.cn 
彭士明 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 农业农村部东海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室 上海 200090 shiming.peng@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      为研究肠道气泡堆积对银鲳(Pampus argenteus)肠道菌群的影响,2019年3月于东海水产研究所福鼎研究中心采集了15尾肠道气泡堆积的银鲳为病鱼组,15尾健康银鲳为健康鱼组,并通过16S rDNA基因DNA高通量测序技术结合LEfSe分析方法,对两组样品间菌群结构和多样性进行对比分析。结果显示,病鱼组肠道菌群多样性与健康鱼组无显著差异(P > 0.05),但病鱼组肠道菌群的均匀度和相对丰度都显著低于健康鱼组(P < 0.05)。两组样品的优势菌群均为变形菌门(Proteobacteria),且相对丰度都较大(超过97%)。此外,利用LEfSe分析两组样品发现,病鱼组中如根瘤菌(Rhizobium)、栖热菌(Thermus)等好氧菌丰度显著高于健康鱼组,而不动肝菌(Acinetobacter)、微酸菌(Ilumatobacter)等显著低于健康鱼组,蓝细菌(Cyanobacteria)相对丰度显著高于健康鱼组。由此可以表明,肠道气泡堆积很可能会引发肠道菌群紊乱。
英文摘要:
      Silvery pomfret (Pampus argenteus) is a kind of valuable economic fish species and the intestinal gas bubble accumulation is an important factor that hinders its popularization. In order to evaluate the changes of the bacterial communities in Silvery pomfret’s intestine upon gas bubble accumulation occurrence, 15 diseased fish were chosen as the diseased group and 15 healthy fish as the healthy group. The method of high-throughput sequencing of 16S rDNA gene’s V3-V4 region was used to determine diversity and composition of bacterial communities in each of these samples. The comparison results of the Alpha diversity index showed that there was no significant difference in the Simpson index and the Shannon index between these two groups (P > 0.05), but the Chao1 estimator and the ACE estimator in the diseased group are significantly lower than those of the healthy group (P < 0.05) (Table 1). The analysis of the microbiota structure showed that the dominant bacterial groups were similar in the diseased and control groups, at the phylum level being Proteobacteria, and at the genus level being Sphingobium, Sphingomonas, Cupriavidus, Novo sphingobium and Acinetobacter (Table 2). From the above results, it can be concluded that the intestinal gas bubble accumulation reduces the richness and evenness of intestinal flora of Silvery pomfret, but does not affect its diversity. In addition, the two groups of samples were analyzed by LEfSe and the results showed that the relative abundance of aerobic bacteria such as agrobacterium bacteria, thermophilic bacteria, cyanobacteria, rhizobial bacteria in the diseased group was significantly higher than that of the healthy group, while the relative abundance of acinetobacter and microacidic bacteria was significantly lower than that of the healthy group (Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 ). From these results, it can be concluded that the intestinal gas bubble accumulation may cause intestinal flora disorder.
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