• 首页关于本刊期刊订阅编委会作者指南过刊浏览
李一琳,周用武,蒋敬,唐松泽,孙今朝,惠楠楠.2020.中国华东区涉猛禽案件的时空规律.动物学杂志,55(3):323-328.
中国华东区涉猛禽案件的时空规律
Temporal and Spatial Characteristics of Raptor Poaching Cases in East China
投稿时间:2019-06-10  修订日期:2020-05-06
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202003006
中文关键词:  猛禽偷猎  华东区  案件  数据分析  ArcGIS
英文关键词:Raptor Poaching  East China  Cases  Data analysis  ArcGIS
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务项目(No. LGYB201811),南京森林警察学院教学改革研究项目(No. YB19025)
作者单位E-mail
李一琳 南京森林警察学院刑事科学技术学院国家林业局森林公安司法鉴定中心 野生动植物物证技术国家林业和草原局重点实验室 南京 210023 liyilin1016@126.com 
周用武 南京森林警察学院刑事科学技术学院国家林业局森林公安司法鉴定中心 野生动植物物证技术国家林业和草原局重点实验室 南京 210023 147190592@qq.com 
蒋敬 南京森林警察学院刑事科学技术学院国家林业局森林公安司法鉴定中心 野生动植物物证技术国家林业和草原局重点实验室 南京 210023 707173883@qq.com 
唐松泽 南京森林警察学院刑事科学技术学院国家林业局森林公安司法鉴定中心 野生动植物物证技术国家林业和草原局重点实验室 南京 210023 tangsz@nfpc.edu.cn 
孙今朝 南京森林警察学院刑事科学技术学院国家林业局森林公安司法鉴定中心 野生动植物物证技术国家林业和草原局重点实验室 南京 210023 28748955@qq.com 
惠楠楠 南京森林警察学院刑事科学技术学院国家林业局森林公安司法鉴定中心 野生动植物物证技术国家林业和草原局重点实验室 南京 210023 2584823971@qq.com 
摘要点击次数: 108
全文下载次数: 70
中文摘要:
      为了解华东区涉猛禽案的时空规律,分析其发展趋势。统计国家林业局森林公安司法鉴定中心存档的2011至2018年间华东区涉猛禽案的鉴定报告,整理涉案信息数据库。利用Excel2016和ArcGIS10.2进行案件的时空规律描述性分析。共统计华东区涉案猛禽35种,涉及个体530只,涉案179次,分别占全国同期总涉案猛禽个体数的40.5%,猛禽类总案件量的37.8%。涉案个体和涉案次数均达9以上的9个常涉案物种均属于国家Ⅱ级保护野生动物。近8年的案件数、物种数和个体数均呈逐年上升趋势,以春季和秋冬季为案件高发期。华东区中江苏和浙江的案件数及物种数均超过安徽和山东,涉案地点集中在省界、主要公路和铁路沿线。建议将华东区两省交界处作为猛禽保护的重点监管区域,尤其在春季和秋冬季加大水陆交通的监管力度。
英文摘要:
      The illegal trade in wild animals has caused great damage to wildlife resources in China. By analyzing the temporal and spatial characteristics of 179 raptor poaching cases from 2011 to 2018 in east China (37.8% of the total raptor poaching cases in the same period of China), we could understand the development trend of the cases. In this study, we obtained the data set of species, the number of individuals, time and location through the statistics of judicial appraisal cases in the archives of State Forestry Administration Forest Public Security Judicial Identification Center. Excel 2016 and ArcGIS10.2 were used to carry out descriptive analysis of spatiotemporal characteristics of the cases. 35 species were involved, with a total of 530 individuals, accounting for 40.5% of the total raptor poaching individuals in China (Table 1). Nine species were the most poached (individual and case number ≥ 9), all of which were national Ⅱ key protected wild animals. In the past 8 years, the number of cases, species and individuals showed an increasing trend year by year. Spring, autumn and winter were the periods of high incidence of cases (Fig. 1). Jiangsu (23 species, 69 cases, 50 sites) and Zhejiang province (21 species, 66 cases, 31 sites) had more cases than Anhui (15 species, 23 cases, 16 sites) and Shandong province (13 species, 21 cases, 7 sites) (Fig. 2). The cases were concentrated at the provincial boundaries (82 cases), particularly close to main roads (83 cases) and railways (70 cases). We suggest that the border of two provinces should be taken as the key monitoring areas of raptor protection, by strengthening the supervision of road and water transportation, especially in spring, autumn and winter.
附件
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器