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彭鹤博,蔡志扬,章麟,干晓静,刘文亮,李静,蒋忠祐,王松林,马志军.2017.勺嘴鹬在中国的分布状况和面临的主要威胁.动物学杂志,52(1):158-166.
勺嘴鹬在中国的分布状况和面临的主要威胁
Distribution and Conservation Status of the Spoon-billed Sandpiper in China
投稿时间:2016-05-02  修订日期:2016-12-15
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201701021
中文关键词:  勺嘴鹬  中国  滨海湿地  数量  分布  栖息地  保护
英文关键词:Spoon-billed Sandpipers, Calidris pygmaea  China  Coastal wetlands  Numbers  Distribution  Habitat  Conservation
基金项目:国家重点基础研发计划课题(No. 2013CB430404),BirdLife International,国家自然科学基金面上项目(No. 31572280);
作者单位E-mail
彭鹤博 复旦大学生物多样性科学研究所 11210700129@fudan.edu.cn 
蔡志扬 昆士兰大学生物科学学院,昆士兰  
章麟 上海观鸟旅行  
干晓静 Rosary Crescent,Highgate Hill,昆士兰  
刘文亮 华东师范大学生态与环境科学学院  
李静 勺嘴鹬上海环保科技有限公司  
蒋忠祐 东海大学热带生态学与生物多样性研究中心,台湾  
王松林 青岛市市南区安庆路号  
马志军 复旦大学生物多样性科学研究所 zhijunm@fudan.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      勺嘴鹬(Calidris pygmaea)是全球极危鸟类,估计其种群数量为360 ~ 600只。根据近年来的野外调查和历史资料查阅,勺嘴鹬在中国沿海各省级行政区域均有分布。本文介绍了勺嘴鹬在中国的种群数量和分布。其中江苏省的东台市和如东县的滩涂湿地是目前已知的勺嘴鹬全球数量最大的迁徙停歇地。东台市滩涂单次调查记录的勺嘴鹬最大数量为144只,如东县滩涂单次调查记录的勺嘴鹬最大数量为103只。广东省雷州半岛的滩涂和福建省闽江口的滩涂为勺嘴鹬在中国最大的两个越冬地。滩涂栖息地的丧失和退化、非法捕猎、环境污染以及人类活动干扰是勺嘴鹬面临的主要威胁。为了更好地保护勺嘴鹬,我们建议加强对勺嘴鹬关键栖息地的保护与管理,加强对滩涂湿地保护的宣传教育,加强对中国沿海勺嘴鹬的调查研究以及同其他国家地区的交流合作。
英文摘要:
      The Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea) is one of the critically threatened birds in the world. According to field surveys and historical data collection, we reviewed population censusand distribution of the spoon-billed sandpipers in China, and found that the sandpipers have been recorded in all the administrative divisions along China′s coasts including Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan (Fig. 1). The mudflats at Dongtai and Rudong in Jiangsu Province are the two largest stopover sites for the spoon-billed sandpipers, with the largest recorded number of one survey being 144 at Dongtai and 103 at Rudong. Leizhou peninsular in Guangdong and Minjiang River estuary in Fujian were the two largest wintering sites (Table 1). The major threats to the spoon-billed sandpipers include habitat loss and degradation, illegal hunting, human disturbance, and environmental pollution. This paper also provided targeted conservation suggestions for the conservation of the spoon-billed sandpipers. To conserve Spoon-billed Sandpipers, we propose following conservation suggestions: 1) To reinforce the protection and management of habitat at key stopover and non-breeding sites; 2) To promote public education of ecosystem services provided by intertidal mudflats; 3) To strengthen the survey and study of the bird in China; 4) To embolden the collaboration and information exchange between corresponding agencies from different regions.
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