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刘森,薛茂盛,戴文涛,李子昊.2017.河南济源发现亚洲宽耳蝠.动物学杂志,52(1):122-128.
河南济源发现亚洲宽耳蝠
The Asian Barbastelle (Barbastella leucomelas) Was Found in Jiyuan City of Henan Province, China
投稿时间:2016-03-31  修订日期:2016-12-21
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201701014
中文关键词:  翼手目  亚洲宽耳蝠  新纪录
英文关键词:Chiroptera  Asian Barbastelle (Barbastella leucomelas)  New record
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No. 31400320),河南理工大学博士基金项目(No. B2013-074),河南理工大学青年骨干教师资助计划项目(No. 2015-18);
作者单位E-mail
刘森* 河南理工大学资源环境学院 lius649@hpu.edu.cn 
薛茂盛 国有济源市黄楝树林场  
戴文涛 河南理工大学资源环境学院  
李子昊 河南理工大学资源环境学院  
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中文摘要:
      2016年2月于河南省济源市邵原镇引水渠黄背角村段(35°15′8.4″N,112°6′34.5″E,海拔658 m),采集到1只冬眠的雄性宽耳蝠。其前臂长40.4 mm,外耳廓近方形,具明显横嵴,并在额部相连,无耳突,耳屏呈三角形;头骨较扁平,颅全长为14.9 mm;齿式为2.1.2.3/3.1.2.3 = 34。通过外部形态、头骨参数、分子数据(Cyt b和ND1基因)比对,鉴定为亚洲宽耳蝠(Barbastella leucomelas),是河南省翼手目分布新纪录,标本现保存于河南理工大学资源环境学院。
英文摘要:
      A hibernating male of barbastelle was found in Huangbeijiao segment of the diversion canal in Shaoyuan Town (35°15′8.4″N, 112°6′34.5″E, 658 m elevation), Jiyuan City, Henan Province, in February, 2016. This sample was identified as Asian Barbastelle (Barbastella leucomelas) based on its external morphology, skull characteristics and molecular data. The body of specimen is at medium size with 40.4 mm for forearm length. The bat has triangular tragi and nearly square outline of ears with transverse ridges (Fig. 1). The ears join across the forehead without the prominent projecting lobe, which is a feature specific to B. leucomelas (Fig. 1). The skull is flattened, and the greatest length skull is 14.9 mm which is a bit smaller than B. beijingensis (Table 1). The dental formula of specimens is 2.1.2.3/3.1.2.3 = 34 (Fig. 2). Maximum-likehood trees based on Cyt b and ND1 gene sequences were constructed, respectively. Both of the cladograms indicated that this bat specimen is as B. leucomelas, rather than B. beijingensis (Fig. 3). The discovery of B. leucomelas in Jiyuan City added a new species record of Chiroptera for Henan Province, China. The specimen was preserved in Institute of Resources and Environment, Henan Polytechnic University.
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