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朱永可,李阳端,楼瑛强,周江,孙悦华.2016.风力发电对鸟类的影响以及应对措施.动物学杂志,51(4):682-691.
风力发电对鸟类的影响以及应对措施
Impact of Wind Farm on Birds and the Mitigation Strategies
投稿时间:2016-01-20  修订日期:2016-06-24
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201604022
中文关键词:  风力发电  鸟撞涡轮机  鸟类迁徙  栖息地破坏  保护措施
英文关键词:wind energy  bird collision  migration  habitat distruction  protecting strategies
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
朱永可 贵州师范大学 yongke_zhu@126.com 
李阳端 贵州师范大学  
楼瑛强 中国科学院动物研究所 北京  
周江 贵州师范大学 zhoujiang@ioz.ac.cn 
孙悦华 中国科学院动物研究所 北京  
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中文摘要:
      风能在解决温室气体排放和高耗能依赖方面被认为是个稳定的策略。然而,风电场的建设对自然保护、生态环境和动物生存造成一定的影响,特别是会对鸟类。据报道在世界范围内,风电场每年会杀死数百万只鸟类,位于鸟类迁徙路线上的风力发电场会给鸟类迁徙带来巨大威胁,另外风电场开发所导致的栖息地丧失使鸟类面临更大的威胁。特定地理条件,风电场的具体环境,以及鸟类物种本生的特性是造成碰撞的主要原因。风电场建设前的合理选址,以及建设后的缓和措施和补偿措施的适当运用,可以有效减少风电发展对鸟类以及其他野生动物的影响。本文主要综述了美国和欧洲的风电场对鸟类的影响,并对形成原因进行总结,同时对于减轻风电场鸟类碰撞的策略进行探讨。
英文摘要:
      Wind energy in addressing greenhouse gas emissions and high energy reliance is considered to be a stable strategy. However, wind power construction has a negative effect on nature conservation, environment and survival of wild animals, especially for the avian species. It is reported that millions of birds being killed by wind turbine every year around the world, the wind farm may also affect migratory birds and habitat utilization. Wind farms located on the route of migratory birds could bring enormous threats to bird migration, also, wind farm development could cause much habitat reduce and make the birds facing greater threats. Specific geographical conditions, the environment of wind farms and the characteristics of bird species are the main causes of the bird collision. Reasonable siting of wind farm before construction, the proper use of mitigation measures and compensation measures after the construction can effectively reduce the impact of wind power development on birds and other wildlife. This paper mainly introduce the influences of American and European wind farms on birds, summarize the causes, and discuss the strategies on how to reduce bird collisions in wind farms.
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