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胡逸萍,黄佳亮,霍娟,马鸣,杨灿朝,梁伟.2015.新疆阜康地区家麻雀的巢址选择.动物学杂志,50(5):711-715.
新疆阜康地区家麻雀的巢址选择
Nest Site Selection by House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) in Fukang Area, Xinjiang, Northwestern China
投稿时间:2015-01-25  修订日期:2015-09-05
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201505006
中文关键词:  家麻雀  巢址选择  繁殖成效  新疆
英文关键词:House sparrow  Nest-site selection  Breeding success  Xinjiang
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No. 31272328, 31472013)、教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划项目(NCET-13-0761)和热带动植物生态学省部共建教育部重点实验室开放基金项目;
作者单位E-mail
胡逸萍 海南师范大学生命科学学院 hyp7@163.com 
黄佳亮 海南师范大学生命科学学院  
霍娟 海南师范大学生命科学学院  
马鸣 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所  
杨灿朝 海南师范大学生命科学学院  
梁伟 海南师范大学生命科学学院 liangw@hainan.net 
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中文摘要:
      2013年7月和2014年5~7月,在新疆阜康地区对家麻雀(Passer domesticus)的巢址选择进行调查,以分析影响家麻雀巢址选择的生态因素。在研究区内共找到75个家麻雀的自然巢,筑巢生境为农田和防护林带,均在白杨(Populus adenopoda)林和胡杨(Populus euphratica)林中的树上筑巢。在研究区内的居民房屋、墙洞等没有发现家麻雀的巢。对海拔(m),筑巢树种,筑巢树高(m),巢距路距离(m),巢距地面高度(m),巢上方盖度(%),筑巢树胸径(m),最近邻巢的距离(m)等8个家麻雀的巢址参数进行主成分分析。结果表明,影响新疆阜康地区家麻雀巢址利用的3个主要因素为,巢距地面高度(m)、巢上方盖度(%)和巢距路的距离(m)。对家麻雀繁殖成功巢(n=40)和繁殖失败巢(n=20)的巢址参数进行比较,结果发现两者差异不显著。因而推测,研究区域内家麻雀的巢址选择并非影响其繁殖成效的主要因素。
英文摘要:
      The nest-site selection of house sparrow (Passer domesticus) in Fukang Area, Xinjiang, Northwestern China, was investigated during the breeding season. A total of 75 house sparrow nests was found, of which all were built on trees in farmland or forest. Chinese Aspen (Populus adenopoda) and euphrates poplar (P. euphratica) are the most dominant nesting tree species. No nest was found in human structures. The principal component analysis (PCA) suggested that three main factors, including the height of nest, the coverage above the nest and the distance to the road, affected nest-site selection of house sparrow. Furthermore, there were no significant differences between the successful (n=40) and failed (n=20) nests (P > 0.05) in nest-site factors. These suggested that in the study area the nest-site selection of house sparrow has little effect on reproductive success.
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