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程嘉伟,阮德孟,鲁长虎.2014.江苏省发现雪鹀.动物学杂志,49(3):327.
江苏省发现雪鹀
The Snow Bunting Found in Jiangsu Province
投稿时间:2014-01-20  修订日期:2014-04-29
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201403006
中文关键词:  江苏省盐城市  雪鹀  越冬
英文关键词:Yancheng,JIangsu Province  Snow Bunting  Winter Bird
基金项目:江苏省环保厅“鸟类物种资源调查专项”和江苏省高校优势学科建设工程项目资助
作者单位E-mail
程嘉伟 南京林业大学森林资源与环境学院 chengjiangwei@126.com 
阮德孟 南京林业大学森林资源与环境学院  
鲁长虎 南京林业大学森林资源与环境学院 changhul@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      人工种植芦苇(Phragmites adans)是湖泊湿地保护与恢复的重要手段, 人工芦苇湿地鸟类群落研究有助于评价湿地生态功能的恢复效果。自2010年6月到2011年5月, 根据研究样地情况在人工芦苇湿地内设置一条1.5 km的样线和一条1.0 km的样线, 原生芦苇湿地内设置一条1.5 km的样线和两条200 m的样线, 逐月对苏州太湖国家湿地公园内的人工芦苇湿地和原生芦苇湿地鸟类群落进行了对比研究, 运用单因素ANOVA分析两种生境的差异性。结果表明, 芦苇湿地共记录到鸟类11目28科50种, 其中人工、原生芦苇湿地分别为39种、36种, 共有种25种。棕头鸦雀(Paradoxornis webbianus)、黑水鸡(Gallinula chloropus)、白头鹎(Pycnonotus sinensis)、纯色鹪莺(Prinia inornata)等留鸟在芦苇湿地中一直占优势地位。总体上看, 两种芦苇生境中鸟类种数和密度的月变化趋势较为一致, 最低值分别出现在1月(11种)和2月(25.36只/hm2), 最大值分别出现在5月(30种)和6月(73.64只/hm2)。从各季节看, 春季(H′=3.4115)和夏季(H′=3.0501)人工芦苇湿地鸟类多样性高于原生芦苇湿地, 春季(J=0.993 5)、夏季(J=1.035 9)和冬季(J=0.831 5)人工芦苇湿地均匀度低于原生芦苇湿地; 全年多样性指数和均匀度指数人工芦苇湿地(H′=3.274 7, J=0.893 9)<原生芦苇湿地(H′=3.300 2, J=0.920 9)。从两种芦苇湿地的鸟类群落比较来看, 各项数据差异均不显著, 苏州太湖国家湿地公园内人工芦苇湿地的恢复已接近原生芦苇湿地。
英文摘要:
      Planting reeds is an important way to protect and recover lake wetland. Birds diversity is a good indicator to evaluate the recovery efficiency of the wetland ecological function. To examine the planting reeds affected the birds diversity, we set two sample lines(1.5 km and 1.0 km) in the planted reed wetland, and three sample lines (one 1.5 km and two 200 m)in the original reed wetland in the sample area in Suzhou Taihu lake national wetland park. A survey has conducted on bird community structures in two kinds of reedbed from June 2010 to May 2011, and the differences between them has analyzed by using ANOVA. A total of 50 bird species belonged to 11 orders, 28 families were recorded, among which 39 and 36 species were found in the planted reed wetland and in the original reed wetland respectively, and 25 species were recorded in both habitats. Resident birds such as Vinous-throated Parrotbill (Paradoxornis webbianus), Common Moorhen(Gallinula chloropus), Light-vented Bulbul(Pycnonotus sinensis)and Plain Prinia (Prinia inornata) were dominant species in the two kinds of wetland. In general, the change trend of bird species and density was consistent, with the lowest value in January(11 species)and February(25.86 birds each hectare), reached maximum in May (30 species) and June (73.64 birds each hectare). The bird community biodiversity of planted reed wetland was higher in spring (H′=3.411 5) and summer (H′=3.050 1), while the evenness index of planted reed wetland was lower in spring (J=0.993 5), summer (J=1.035 9) and autumn (J=0.831 5). Throughout the year, the diversity and evenness index of planted reed wetland (H′=3.274 7, J=0.893 9) were lower than that of original reed wetland(H′=3.300 2, J=0.920 9). No significant difference was observed between the two reed wetlands, indicating that the planted reed wetland restoration was close to original reed wetland.
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