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程嘉伟,邓昶身,鲁长虎.2014.苏州太湖湖滨人工种植和原生芦苇湿地鸟类群落.动物学杂志,49(3):347-356.
苏州太湖湖滨人工种植和原生芦苇湿地鸟类群落
Birds Community of Planted and Original Reed Wetland in Taihu Lakeside
投稿时间:2013-10-14  修订日期:2014-04-29
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201403006
中文关键词:  人工芦苇  原生芦苇  鸟类群落  太湖国家湿地公园
英文关键词:planted reed  original reed  birds community  Taihu lake national wetland park
基金项目:江苏省高校优势学科建设工程项目
作者单位E-mail
程嘉伟 南京林业大学森林资源与环境学院 chengjiangwei@126.com 
邓昶身 南京林业大学森林资源与环境学院 35814184@qq.com 
鲁长虎 南京林业大学森林资源与环境学院 luchanghu@njfu.com.cn 
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中文摘要:
      人工种植芦苇是湖泊湿地保护与恢复的重要手段,人工芦苇湿地鸟类群落研究有助于评价湿地生态功能的恢复效果。自2010年6月到2011年5月,逐月对苏州太湖国家湿地公园内的人工芦苇湿地和原生芦苇湿地鸟类群落进行了对比研究。结果表明:芦苇湿地共记录到鸟类11目28科50种,其中人工、原生芦苇湿地分别为39种、36种,共有25种。棕头鸦雀、黑水鸡、白头鹎、纯色鹪莺等留鸟在芦苇湿地中一直占优势地位。两种芦苇生境中鸟类种数和密度的月变化趋势较为一致,总体上看,最低值分别出现在1月(11种)和2月(25.36只/hm2),最大值分别出现在5月(30种)和6月(73.64只/hm2)。从各季节看,春季(H′=3.4115)和夏季(H′=3.0501)人工芦苇湿地鸟类多样性高于原生芦苇湿地,春季(J=0.9935)、夏季(J=1.0359)和冬季(J=0.8315)人工芦苇湿地均匀度低于原生芦苇湿地;全年多样性指数和均匀度指数人工芦苇湿地(H′=3.2747, J=0.8939)<原生芦苇湿地(H′=3.3002, J=0.9209)。从两种芦苇湿地的鸟类群落比较来看,各项数据差异均不显著,苏州太湖国家湿地公园内人工芦苇湿地的恢复已接近原生芦苇湿地。
英文摘要:
      Planting reeds is an important way to protect and recover lake wetland, research on birds is helpful to evaluate the recovery efficiency of the wetland ecological function. From June 2010 to May 2011, we conducted a survey on bird community structures in the Suzhou Taihu lake national wetland park. Our results indicated that: fifty bird species which belongs to 11 orders, 28 families were recorded, and there were 39 species of birds in the planted reed wetland and 36 in the original reed wetland respectively, from which 25 species were recorded in both habitats. Resident birds such as Paradoxornis webbianus, Gallinula chloropus, Pycnonotus sinensis and Prinia inornata had always been dominant position in the two wetlands. In general, the change trend of bird species and density were more consistent, the lowest respective in January(11species) and February(25.86pcs/hm2), reached maximum in May(30species)and June(73.64 pcs/hm2). Looked from each season, the biodiversity of planted reed wetland was abundant in spring (H′=3.4115) and summer (H′=3.0501), while the evenness index of planted reed wetland was under planted reed wetland in spring(J=0.9935), summer(J=1.0359) and autumn (J=0.8315).All over a year, the diversity and evenness index of planted reed wetland(H′=3.2747, J=0.8939) were under original reed wetland(H′=3.3002, J=0.9209). From the view of the birds community of the two reed wetland, no significant difference were observed in each data, the planted reed wetland restoration was close to original reed wetland.
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